The birth of the World Wide Web https://timeline.web.cern.ch/ en Celebrating the Web@30 https://timeline.web.cern.ch/celebrating-web30 <div data-history-node-id="798" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">03 03, 2019</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">In March 2019, it will be 30 years since Sir Tim Berners-Lee submitted his proposal for what would become the World Wide Web. To mark this occasion, CERN will hold <a href="https://web30.web.cern.ch/">an event to celebrate the Web@30</a>. For the 29<sup>th </sup>anniversary, in March 2018, Sir Tim Berners-Lee published a letter to the world about issues facing the web today: <a class="ext" href="https://webfoundation.org/2018/03/web-birthday-29/">https://webfoundation.org/2018/03/web-birthday-29/<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>.</span></span></p> <p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text"> </span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:41:46 +0000 abha 798 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web More than 10,000 Web servers around the world https://timeline.web.cern.ch/more-10000-web-servers-around-world <div data-history-node-id="797" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">12 12, 1994</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">By the end of 1994, the Web had 10,000 servers - </span></span><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">of which 2000 were commercial - and 10 million users. Traffic was equivalent to shipping the collected works of Shakespeare every second.</span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:40:52 +0000 abha 797 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web First International World Wide Web conference held at CERN https://timeline.web.cern.ch/first-international-world-wide-web-conference-held-cern <div data-history-node-id="795" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">05 05, 1994</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">In May 1994, Robert Cailliau organized the world’s <a href="http://www94.web.cern.ch/WWW94/Welcome0522.html">First International World Wide Web Conference</a> at CERN. It was attended by 380 users and developers, and was hailed as the “Woodstock of the Web”.</span></span></p> <p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text"> </span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:38:48 +0000 abha 795 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web CERN puts the World Wide Web in the public domain https://timeline.web.cern.ch/cern-puts-world-wide-web-public-domain <div data-history-node-id="794" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">04 04, 1993</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">On 30 April 1993, CERN issued a <a class="ext" href="https://home.cern/images/2014/02/cern-makes-web-available-all">statement putting the Web into the public domain<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>, ensuring that it would act as an open standard. The move had an immediate effect on the spread of the web. Further <a class="ext" href="https://home.cern/topics/birth-web/licensing-web">licensing actions <span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>were taken to allow the Web to evolve and flourish. By late 1993 there were over 500 known web servers, and the WWW accounted for 1% of Internet traffic. </span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:37:13 +0000 abha 794 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web First pre-release of the Mosaic browser https://timeline.web.cern.ch/first-pre-release-mosaic-browser <div data-history-node-id="793" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">01 01, 1993</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">From January 1993, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois, provided pre-releases of its <a class="ext" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosaic_(web_browser)">Mosaic browser<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a> for the Unix <a class="ext" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_Window_System" title="X Window System">X Window System<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>. The first official release was on <a class="ext" href="http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/archives/WWW-TALK/www-talk-1993q2.messages/126.html">21 April 1993<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>. Mosaic quickly gained popularity, becoming the browser of choice, with its user-friendly graphical interface and easy installation. Versions of Mosaic running on PC and Mac became available later that year.</span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:35:58 +0000 abha 793 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web A small but growing number of Web servers and browsers https://timeline.web.cern.ch/small-growing-number-web-servers-and-browsers <div data-history-node-id="792" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">09 09, 1992</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">By late 1992, the WWW project had a growing list of <a class="ext" href="https://www.w3.org/History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/DataSources/WWW/Servers.html">early web servers<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>. They were mainly located at academic sites collaborating with CERN but interest was starting to spread beyond academia. Development was also progressing on <a href="http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Status.html#35">early graphical browsers</a> (e.g.  MIDAS by Tony Johnson from SLAC, Viola by Pei Wei from technical publisher O'Reilly Books, and Erwise by Finnish students from Helsinki University of Technology).</span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:34:44 +0000 abha 792 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web WWW moves from prototype to production https://timeline.web.cern.ch/www-moves-prototype-production <div data-history-node-id="791" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">08 01, 1992</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">By January 1992, the WWW software at CERN had matured from an early prototype to a useful and reliable service. Through <a href="https://cds.cern.ch/record/1292517/files/n-204.pdf">CERN’s Computer Newsletter</a>, thousands of scientists learnt how they could use the web to access a useful set of information, e.g. phone numbers, email addresses, news groups, as well as computing and software documentation.</span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:33:50 +0000 abha 791 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web First web server outside Europe https://timeline.web.cern.ch/first-web-server-outside-europe <div data-history-node-id="790" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">01 12, 1991</div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">On 12 December 1991, the first web server outside Europe was <a class="ext" href="http://www.slac.stanford.edu/history/earlyweb/history.shtml" target="_blank">installed at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) <span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>in California. It provided <a class="ext" href="https://swap.stanford.edu/19911206000000/http:/slacvm.slac.stanford.edu/FIND/default.html">access to SPIRES<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>, a database with information for scientists working in HEP (High Energy Physics), including the ability to search for publications.</span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-type field--type-list-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Media type</b></div> <div class="field--item">CDS Media</div> </div> </div> Fri, 01 Mar 2019 16:32:23 +0000 abha 790 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch World Wide Web Sir Berners-Lee announces the WWW software on the Internet https://timeline.web.cern.ch/sir-berners-lee-announces-www-software-internet <div data-history-node-id="479" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">06 08, 1991</div> <div class="field field--name-field-drupal-7-path field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Drupal 7 path</b></div> <div class="field--item">berners-lee-posts-a-summary-of-the-project-on-althypertext</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text">In August 1991, Sir Berners-Lee announced his WWW software on Internet newsgroups and interest in the project spread beyond the physics community. <a class="ext" href="https://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/1991/08/art-6484.txt">The first announcement was on 6 August 1991 to alt.hypertext<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a>, a newsgroup for hypertext enthusiasts. He described the project and provided instructions for obtaining the WWW software from CERN.</span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> </div> Wed, 13 Jun 2018 16:00:02 +0000 everisdrupal 479 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch web Berners-Lee Tim Berners-Lee founds the World Wide Web Consortium https://timeline.web.cern.ch/tim-berners-lee-founds-world-wide-web-consortium <div data-history-node-id="401" class="node node--type-timeline-entry node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <div class="field field--name-field-date-historical-2 field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item">01 10, 1994</div> <div class="field field--name-field-drupal-7-path field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label"><b>Drupal 7 path</b></div> <div class="field--item">events/tim-berners-lee-founds-the-world-wide-web-consortium</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>In October 1994, Tim Berners-Lee founded the <a href="http://www.w3.org/">World Wide Web Consortium</a> (W3C) – at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology laboratory for computer science – in collaboration with <a href="http://www.cern.ch/">CERN</a> and with support from DARPA and the <a href="https://ec.europa.eu/commission/index_en">European Commission</a>.<span class="timeline-content"><span class="timeline-text"> Sir Berners-Lee moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), from where he remains <a class="ext" href="https://www.w3.org/Consortium">Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).<span aria-label="(link is external)" class="ext"></span></a></span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-timeline field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label"><b>Timeline</b></div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">The birth of the World Wide Web</a></div> </div> </div> </div> Wed, 13 Jun 2018 15:59:43 +0000 everisdrupal 401 at https://timeline.web.cern.ch web Berners-Less W3